Grunwald oak in Ladushkin, Kaliningrad region
“By the side of the sea, a green oak ...” - everyone remembers these lines of our great poet. Oak in general is often mentioned in fairy tales and epics of the Russian people. In them he is a hero, a mighty giant. Yes, he really is. Remember the famous Mordvin oaks, which were glorified by I.I. Shishkin.
Since they are located in the suburbs of St. Petersburg, I have been to this glade several times. They have hardly changed in more than a hundred years. They stand, striking with their powerful trunks and a huge crown, under which there are a scattering of acorns in autumn.
Oak is a valuable tree species, a perennial deciduous plant, often a powerful tree, reaching a height of 40 meters. Oak (Quercus robur) belongs to the Bukovy family. It is also called English oak, summer oak, English oak.
It is widespread in the forest and forest-steppe zones of the European part of Russia, there are often oak forests with a predominance of oaks, in more northern regions it is less common, usually in parks and squares.
Oak has a lot of useful qualities. First of all, its wood is appreciated. It is durable, can be stored for a long time, and can withstand heavy loads. I happened to see a bog oak washed out by the spring flood on the Dnieper. Until it cracked from the hot rays of the sun, it seemed that it was not wood, but some strange metal or stone - heavy and hard.
In addition, the best tanning materials are obtained from its bark, acorns are used as fodder for livestock and wild animals. This plant is widely used in landscape design... And steam lovers appreciate oak brooms.
One of the Mordvin oak trees
The oak reproduces by its seeds - acorns. In a good year, there are many hundreds of acorns under each large tree. They feed forest dwellers, sometimes they are harvested by forestry for the propagation of this plant. When I was in school, there was a record harvest of acorns in one year.
We, high school students, were taken to a remote oak forest, where the grass under the oak trees was literally strewn with acorns. In a few hours we collected two trucks of acorns in this forest for a collective farm pig farm. The impression of that oak forest and the gigantic harvest of selected acorns still lives on in the memory, although more than half a century has passed.
Oak grows slowly, especially for the first ten years, not like, for example, aspen or alder, apparently this explains the density of its wood. But he has stood powerfully on the ground for hundreds of years. The Stelmuzh oak in Lithuania, which has a trunk circumference of 13 meters, is now considered the record holders of longevity! As for his age, experts' assessments differ. Some give it 700 years, others - up to 2000 years! And also the Grunwald oak growing in the Kaliningrad region. It is over 800 years old.
Therefore, if you decide to grow an oak on your estate, this is a commendable business, but only your heirs will see it in its prime. But it is necessary to grow oaks, let them multiply on our land and remain for future generations.
In addition to valuable wood, oak is also useful for its medicinal properties... They are possessed by the bark of young shoots. It contains tannins (up to 20%), flavonoids - quercetin and quercetrin and others, as well as gallic and ellagic acids, flobafen, pentosans, pectins, sugars, mucus, proteins and starch.
Medicinal raw materials are harvested from young shoots during the period of sap flow - from April to June. Oak bark is dried by spreading it out in a thin layer in well-ventilated rooms. When harvesting raw materials, try not to harm this plant - you can not touch young, gaining strength plants. You can harvest from young branches of old trees. In general, dried oak bark is sold in pharmacies, you will need it - you can buy it, it is inexpensive.
Galenic preparations of oak bark (preparations obtained from plant materials by extraction (extraction) - tinctures (alcoholic or aqueous-alcoholic extracts) or extracts) have astringent, anti-inflammatory and anti-putrefactive properties. When galenic preparations of oak or tannin (a tannin contained in the bark) are applied to wounds or mucous membranes, they interact with proteins, resulting in a protective film that protects tissues from local irritation. This delays the inflammation process and reduces pain.
Therefore, oak bark is used as an astringent and anti-inflammatory agent for rinsing the mouth and throat for stomatitis, pharyngitis, gingivitis and others. Oak bark preparations are also recommended for excessive sweating of the feet, bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract, for poisoning with mushrooms, copper and lead salts, for diseases of the liver and spleen.
To prepare it, two tablespoons of dry raw materials (20 g) are placed in an enamel bowl, filled with a glass (200 ml) of hot boiled water, covered with a lid and placed in a water bath for 30 minutes. Then the broth is cooled for 10 minutes at room temperature, filtered, squeezed out the raw materials. The volume of the resulting broth is topped up with boiled water to the original - 200 ml. The resulting drug can be stored in a cool place for no more than two days.
This broth is used for rinsing - up to eight times a day as an astringent and anti-inflammatory agent for inflammatory diseases of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, pharynx, pharynx, larynx, for gingivitis, stomatitis.
It disinfects mucous membranes, strengthens the gums, and reduces bleeding. Also, the broth fights bacteria that multiply in the mouth, eliminating unpleasant odor from the mouth.
A decoction of oak bark is used for chronic enterocolitis, inflammation of the urinary tract and bladder.
In folk medicine, such a decoction is used externally for the treatment of patients suffering from chronic purulent ulcers, non-healing wounds, and pustular skin diseases. Also, a decoction of the bark is used for therapeutic baths and wetting tampons in the treatment of dermatological diseases.
Oak bark in a pharmacy
To prepare it, you need to pour one teaspoon of crushed dry raw oak bark with half a liter of boiling water. Wrap the dishes and leave the liquid for at least six hours, and then strain.
The resulting infusion is recommended to be taken 100 milliliters 3-4 times a day for diarrhea, bleeding and many other diseases. It is also used as a warmed gargle for pharyngitis.
To prepare it, 30 g of dry crushed bark is placed in a glass container, preferably dark in color, and poured with half a liter of vodka. Insist in a dark place for one month, then filter the liquid. Take the tincture three times a day before meals, 20-30 drops orally for the treatment of various inflammatory diseases, for the treatment of diarrhea. Diluted with water, it is used to treat wounds, skin rashes.
Due to its hemostatic and astringent effect, oak bark helps to eliminate the symptoms of hemorrhoids. Douching, baths and lotions help to heal anal fissures, reduce bleeding, and restore the condition of the rectum. Also useful are infusions and decoctions of oak bark and leaves for internal use, herbal remedies from the inside strengthen the body and increase their own defenses.
Also on sale you can find antifungal deodorant foot cream with oak bark extract.
And dried oak bark for self-preparation of decoctions, infusions and tinctures can be purchased at pharmacies. It is packaged in 50 or 75 g bags.
It is not recommended to use preparations with oak bark for pregnant women and nursing mothers, as well as for children under two years of age.
Do not use these drugs for more than two weeks in a row.
It is also not recommended to use preparations with oak bark for certain diseases, for example, with thrombophlebitis, with exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases, with frequent constipation. Seeing a doctor can help you make a decision about taking these drugs.
Photo by the author
The beneficial properties of sage are due to the high content of resins, tannins and essential oils in the leaves of the plant. Even when dried, the leaves retain all their properties, therefore they are used in medicine and cosmetology.
Composition of sage leaves: essential oil - 2% (camphor, cineole, D-α-pinene, α- and β-thujone, tannins, alkaloids, acids, sodium, potassium, calcium, vitamins of groups A, C, E, K , fiber and flavanoids.
Scientific medicine is often limited to prescribing the herb sage officinalis as a toothache medicine for gargling the throat and mouth for inflammation of the gums. However, foreign scientific medicine widely uses medicinal sage as an antiseptic, astringent, disinfectant, antipyretic, hemostatic, diuretic, emollient, anti-inflammatory, antiviral agent.
By the way, there is scientific evidence on the effectiveness of sage in treating Alzheimer's disease, high cholesterol and eliminating problems caused by menopause.
|Gastritis, stomach and intestinal ulcers, diarrhea, colic, intestinal spasms||Improving the secretory function of the stomach, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects on the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines|
|Bronchitis, colds, acute respiratory infections, tonsillitis, pneumonia||Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic effect. It is used in complex therapy.|
|Burns, frostbite, ulcers, festering wounds||Antiseptic effects of essential oil|
|Stomatitis, gingivitis||Reduces bleeding of the gums, has an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect when rinsing the mouth|
|Adnexitis, endocervicitis, ovarian dysfunction, infertility||Diuretic, anti-inflammatory effect. Sage contains female hormones that rejuvenate the female body and increase libido|
In folk medicine, medicinal sage is used much more often and more widely than official medicine: as an expectorant, for the treatment of inflammation of the gallbladder and kidneys, as an adjunct in the treatment of tuberculosis, etc.
Outwardly, medicinal sage is used to treat festering wounds (tincture), with flux and thrush in children (with vinegar).
Ways of using salvia officinalis:
Source: A.P. Popov. Medicinal plants in folk medicine, 1960
The simplest soil recipe can consist of only 5 parts of bark and 1 part of charcoal. But it cannot be called the best option for plants. It will be optimal for most orchids if the soil also includes moss (1 or 2 parts) and expanded clay or crushed pumice for drainage.
Other components can be used for the substrate, depending on the needs of the flower, adding them to the soil as needed. It is important that all parts are disinfected, dry well and thoroughly mixed. It is also necessary to disinfect the container for planting the plant.
An orchid cannot be called an ordinary indoor flower, because it requires a special approach when growing. The soil for it also needs to be prepared very carefully. And although this procedure is somewhat troublesome, many growers always prefer to independently prepare the substrate. For those who do this for the first time, it is better to first watch the entire preparation process step by step on video or photo.
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Warming of young trees for the winter season occurs with gardeners using different methods and materials. There are no uniform standards, but there are favorite methods that have been used for decades, by the older generation and have proven their suitability today. The new generation is inclined to think more broadly, and all the time are inventing new means that are not always useful for plants.
Wrapping wood with natural fabrics such as burlap or jute has its pros and cons. The advantages of this method include the following factors:
But no matter how such an idyll between fabric and culture may seem, this is far from always useful for the trunks of young trees. The fact is that the burlap sometimes does not have time to dry out, and the process of decay is inevitable.
Some summer residents have long noticed that the use of innovative materials such as spunbond gives excellent results. The seedling is covered with agrofibre, which perfectly permeates oxygen into the culture and protects it from direct sunlight. The foreign analogue, which is actively used for these purposes, is called Lutrasil. The disadvantage of such materials is the thickness, you have to fold it several times, and this may be already expensive for some people.
Building materials have proven themselves well in gardening: roofing material, a substrate for a laminate, they do an excellent job with the task. Such dense material as roofing material is wrapped around the entire plant, leaving an air cushion. It is an excellent protection against both winds and pests. With the substrate, everything is done in the same order.
There are gardeners advising to wrap the upper part with a film, such a winding is possible, but there is a significant disadvantage in it. It is categorically impossible to wrap a young trunk, the correct breathing process is interrupted, which means that life can fade away. How to save tree trunks in different regions needs to be decided by the farmers themselves should not be underestimated in the winter, but excessive diligence will not lead to a good result either. You cannot save the trunk, but you cannot forget about the roots, since it is from the roots that the tree is given life and nutrients.
For a long time, oak has been considered a symbol of strength and longevity. I have it growing on the site - it's so nice to relax and gain strength under its mighty crown.
Oak bark, thanks to its constituent tannins, acids, pectin, flavonoids, is able to fight hair loss (age-related baldness in men), hair fragility.Also, products based on it prevent the appearance of split ends, eliminate dandruff, excess oiliness, restore follicles and hair structure, and stimulate their growth. Everything is simple and affordable. Here are three recipes.
Has the effect of light toning, suitable for brown-haired women and brunettes.
Pour 1 tbsp. a spoonful of chopped bark with one glass of cold water, simmer in a water bath over low heat for 30 minutes. Insist 2 hours, filter.
Use warm as a rinse after shampooing. When applying, rub lightly into the hair roots, then spreading over the entire length. Do not rinse.
This broth can be used for 2 months, twice a week. Stored in the refrigerator for up to 72 hours.
You can prepare the product in a thermos: 1 tbsp. spoon of bark + 1 glass of boiling water, leave for 2 hours.
Add 2 tbsp to the broth of oak bark (250 ml). spoons of honey. Apply the mixture to clean scalp and distribute over the entire length of the hair. Put on a hat, stand for 1 hour. Wash off with warm water without shampoo. Apply up to three times a week.
Grind the oak bark to a powder and add the crushed dandelion root in equal proportions.
Add unrefined vegetable or olive oil to the mixture until you get a gruel. Apply to hair roots and then spread over the entire length.
Leave on for two hours, then wash off with shampoo. The procedure is carried out 2 times a week.
Dandelion roots are harvested at the end of September-October, and oak bark - when the foliage from the trees from young trees or branches completely falls off.
It's time for the procurement of raw materials
Raw materials can also be bought at pharmacies or here. But preparing it ourselves is also not difficult at all, especially since now is the time.
Probably, there are few people in the world who are indifferent to desserts, sweets and other sweets, because they help to cope with a bad mood and fill the body with energy. Still, sugar does more harm than good.
Simple carbohydrates, which make up sugar, lead to many diseases such as diabetes, obesity, endocrine system disorders, etc. Therefore, many of us start looking for healthy, low-calorie sugar substitutes, whether it's a desire to stay slim or a medical condition.
Most sugar substitutes can be harmful and, with prolonged use, increase the risk of severe and even cancer. But there is one a miraculous plant that has a sweet taste and is very useful at the same time. This is stevia... Scientifically proven that regular use of stevia helps to improve the functioning of all body functions.